The History of Suiseki
Japanese History
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Common Classifications   
Japanese Classifications
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Japanese Terminology
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Collecting Suiseki
Where To Collect
Tools & Gear
Evaluating Suiseki
Ten Views of a Rock
The Science of Suiseki
Preparing Your Suiseki
Using Acid
Drying Stones
Stone Cutting
Developing A Patina
Caring for Suiseki
Displaying Your Suiseki
The Daiza
The Suiban
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Common Western Classifications | Japanese | Chinese | Korean

Scholar's Rocks are classified by the place of their origin -- either from that specific area or similar to rocks found in that area.


  • Lingbishi - Lingbi, Anhui province. Original cave rocks are dark gray or black. All colors and types. Surfaces grooved, channeled from erosion. Black limestone; medium gray limestone eroded with no perforations; buff limestone; green limestone with peaks, grottos, stalctites and stalagmites. Darkest in color are most admired. Some have traces of red clay in bases, resonance.

  • Taihushi - Lake Tai, Jiangsu province. Wuxi, Zheijiang province. White or black limestone, perforated with erosion. Swiss cheese appearance with many holes, lighter in color than Lingbi or Ying Shih.

  • Yingshi or Yingdeshi - Yingde, Guangdong province. Surface dimpled and pock-marked. Black limestone perforated with peaks; dark gray Ying limestone. Ying-shih rocks; dark gray limestone, grooved or channeled.

  • Qilianshi - Mount Qilian, Gansu province. Black limestone.

  • Zhauqingshi - Zhauqing, Guangdong province. Off-white limestone with perforations.

  • Shoushanshi - Shoushan, Fujian province. Yellowish soapstone or golden silica in the form of quartz. Three catagories (according to source): field, water, or mountain deposits. Sometimes divided based on color and internal markings.

  • Changhuashi - Changhua, Zheijiang province. Soapstone.

  • Huanglashi - Guangdong or Guangxi province. Yellow wax stone, surface appears melted; or with naturally polished resembling wax. Collected in riverbeds. Possibly jasper.

  • Hongheshi - Guangxi province. Quartz stones found in the Red River, Guanxi province

  • Muhuashi - Zhejiang province. Petrified wood, hard and retains appearance of original wood.

  • Juhuashi - Yung river, Hunan province. Chrysanthemum stones.


  • Dalishi - Marble.

  • Duanshi - duan stones.

  • Kongqushi - Malachite.

  • Laoshan Lushi - Laoshan green stones.

  • Lusongshi - Turquoise.

  • Qixiashi - Qixia stones.

  • Shoushanshi - Soapstones.

  • Xuanshi - Xuan stones.

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